measurement validity

measurement validity
matavimo pagrįstumas statusas T sritis biomedicinos mokslai apibrėžtis Matavimo kokybės apibūdinimas, rodantis, ar tikrai išmatuojama tai, kas norima išmatuoti. Matavimo pagrįstumas yra skirstomas į turinio pagrįstumą (content validity), konstrukcijos pagrįstumą (construct validity) ir kriterijaus pagrįstumą (criterion validity). Turinio pagrįstumas – matas, kuriuo matuojami visi tiriamojo reiškinio dėmenys. Pavyzdžiui, tiriant gyvenimo kokybę, būtina vertinti kasdieninę, darbinę asmens veiklą, santykius šeimoje, socialinius santykius ir kt. Konstrukcijos pagrįstumas – matavimo ir teoriško tiriamojo reiškinio modelio atitikimas. Pavyzdžiui, jei tiriamas reiškinys yra susijęs su amžiumi, tai matavimas turi rodyti amžiaus pokyčius. Kriterijaus pagrįstumas – matavimo ir išorinio tiriamojo reiškinio vertinimo standarto atitikimas. Kriterijaus pagrįstumas gali būti dviejų rūšių: konkurencinis kriterijaus pagrįstumas (criterion concurrent validity) ir prognozuojamasis kriterijaus pagrįstumas (criterion predictive validity). Konkurencinis kriterijaus pagrįstumas rodo matavimo ir tam tikro standarto atitikimą tuo pačiu laiko momentu. Pavyzdžiui, apžiūros ir bakteriologinio pasėlio, paimto apžiūros metu, rezultatų atitikimas, siekiant nustatyti žaizdos užkrėtimą. Prognozuojamasis kriterijaus pagrįstumas – galimybė numatyti matavimo standartą. Pavyzdžiui, intelekto testo naudojimas profesinei karjerai numatyti. atitikmenys: angl. measurement validity ryšiai: sinonimas – matavimo validumas šaltinis Pagrindinės epidemiologijos sąvokos : mokomasis žodynas / Kauno medicinos universitetas ; [sudarytojas Vilius Grabauskas ; parengė Jūratė Klumbienė, Janina Petkevičienė, Abdonas Tamošiūnas, Vilius Grabauskas, Irena Misevičienė, Žemyna Milašauskienė, Žilvinas Padaiga, Linas Šumskas, Apolinaras Zaborskis, Stanislova Domarkienė, Juozas Dudzevičius]. – Kaunas : KMU Spaudos ir leidybos centro l-kla, 2001

Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas). 2015.

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